Ultrasonic Method for Nonintrusive Low-Liquid-Level Sensing

  • E. James Cern
  • B. Boro Djordjevic
  • David M. Barnett

Abstract

The physics and fundamental principles of ultrasonic pulse echo technology are well understood, and pulse echo techniques have been used widely for measurement of materials properties such as modulus, stress, and thickness, and for defect detection and flaw characterization [1,2].

Keywords

Epoxy 

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References

  1. 1.
    R.C. McMaster, Nondestructive Testing Handbook (Ronald Press, New York, 1959).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Krautkramer and H. Krautkramer, Ultrasonic Testing of Materials (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L.M. Brekhovskikh, Waves in Layered Media (Academic Press, New York, 1960).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. James Cern
    • 1
  • B. Boro Djordjevic
    • 1
  • David M. Barnett
    • 2
  1. 1.Martin Marietta LaboratoriesBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Martin Marietta AstronauticsDenverUSA

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