Intravenous drug use and the heterosexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus

Current trends in New York City
  • Don C. Des Jarlais
  • Eric Wish
  • Samuel R. Friedman
  • Rand Stoneburner
  • Stanley R. Yancovitz
  • Donna Mildvan
  • Wafaa El-Sadr
  • Elizabeth Brady
  • Mary Cuadrado

Abstract

Women, and men who deny homosexual activity, account for slightly more than one third (3,929/7,696) of the cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in New York City through September 1986.1 This percentage has been rising during the course of the epidemic. Intravenous (IV) drug users account for more than half (2,261/3,929) of these heterosexual cases, and an additional 134 cases have occurred in persons known to be heterosexual partners of IV drug users. The connections between AIDS, IV drug use, and the heterosexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pose one of the more difficult public health challenges facing the city and the country. In this paper we review data relevant to two questions: potential heterosexual transmission among IV drug users, and potential transmission from IV drug users to heterosexual partners who do not inject drugs.

Keywords

Europe Cocaine Heroin Candidiasis Preven 

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Copyright information

© Medical Society of the State of New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Don C. Des Jarlais
    • 1
  • Eric Wish
    • 2
  • Samuel R. Friedman
    • 2
  • Rand Stoneburner
    • 3
  • Stanley R. Yancovitz
    • 4
  • Donna Mildvan
    • 4
  • Wafaa El-Sadr
    • 5
  • Elizabeth Brady
    • 2
  • Mary Cuadrado
    • 2
  1. 1.New York State Division of Substance Abuse ServicesUSA
  2. 2.Narcotic and Drug Research, IncUSA
  3. 3.New York City Department of HealthUSA
  4. 4.Beth Israel Medical CenterUSA
  5. 5.Manhattan Veterans Adminstration Medical CenterUSA

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