Causes and Management of Ascites

  • L. M. Blendis
Part of the Topics in Gastroenterology book series (TGEN)


Ascites is a major complication of cirrhosis, the other two complications being variceal hemorrhage and portasystemic encephalopathy. Yet it receives relatively little attention in the literature, being mistakenly regarded as less of a threat to life. Although the patient with bleeding varices and encephalopathy can present more dramatically, ascites and edema represent as great, if not more insidious, a threat to life. Indeed, Powell and Klatskin1 showed that the appearance of ascites in a cirrhotic patient was associated with a significantly reduced 5-year survival rate.


Plasma Renin Activity Renal Blood Flow Ascitic Fluid Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Hepatorenal Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. M. Blendis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Toronto General HospitalUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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