An Estimation of the Actual Health Risk of Firemen and Workers Assigned to the Decontamination Following a Fire Involving PCB (Askarel and Contaminated Oil)

  • Gaétan Carrier

Abstract

During a fire involving PCB, there is always a formation of extremely toxic products: the PCDF and PCDD. The literature concerning the production of these toxic substances, our observations following the fire at IREQ installations and epidemiological and clinical data are providing us with some landmarks of the effects of these substances on human beings. We try to estimate the actual risk for the firemen fighting the flames, the workers assigned to the decontamination and for the population living in the surrounding of IREQ’s installations and we indicate efficient measures to prevent these risks.

Keywords

Pyrolysis Smoke PCBs Biphenyl Decon 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    “Japan, U.S. Joint Seminar: Toxicity of chlorinated biphenyls dibenzofurans dibenzodioxin and related compounds,” Environmental Health Perspectives, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    L. Abenhaim, “BPC et leurs produits de dégradation thermique: données contradictoires et problèmes décisionnels pour les industries électriques,” Pollution atmosphérique, octobre-décembre 1985.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Ir.H. Aresu de Seui, “Les BPC et I’incendie,” Association Nationale pour la Protection contre I’incendie Belgique, ISSN 0772-7267- February, 1985.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    W. Boyd et al., “Managing PCB risks from transformer fires,” 6 pages, kpri 1, 1985.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    H.R. Buser et al., “Formation of polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) from the pyrolysis of PCEs,” Chemosphere, pp. 109 – 119, 1978.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    G. Carrier, “Les effets toxiques des BPC et des produits apparentés sur l’animal et l’humain,” conférence présentée à la l réunion de l’Association canadienne des médecins en santé au travail à Calgary, Canada, le 12 septembre 1985.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    G. Carrier et D. Dupont, “Étude clinique d’une population exposée à des fumées lors d’un incendie impliquant des BPC et lors de la décontamination des lieux”, conférence présentée à l’IEEE à Montréal, Canada, le 29 septembre 1986.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Chittim et al., “Chlorinated dibenzofurans anddibenzo-p-dioxins: detection and quantification in electrical equipment and their formation during the incineration of PCBs,” Wellington Science Associates Inc. Prepared under contract nº 0SS78-00067 for Fisheries and Environment Canada, Ottawa, 1979.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    G. Eadon et al., “Comparisons of chemical and biological data on soot samples from the Binghamton State Office Building,” Center for Laboratories and Research, N.Y. State Department of Health, 1982.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    M.D. Erickson et al., “Thermal degradation products from dielectric fluids,” For environmental protection agency, Washington, D.C., ( EPA ), 1984.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Alan Q. Eschenroeder and Edward J. Faeder, “Human health risks from PCB — contaminated mineral oil transformers,” PCB seminar, Seattle, Washington, October 22 – 25, 1985.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    R. Fournié, “L’accident de Reims Premier bilan des analyses,” Revue générale de 1’électricité nº 1 - janvier 1986.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    O. Hutzinger et al., “Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. A bioanalytical approach,” Chemosphere, nº 10, pp. 19 – 25, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    T. Kashimoto et al., “Role of polychlorinated dibenzofuran in Yusho (PCB poisoning),” Arch. Environ. Health, vol. 36, nº 6, pp. 321–326, 26 refs, 1981.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    T.H. Milby et al., “PCB Containing Transformer fires decontamination guidelines based on health considerations,” Journal of Occupational Medicine, vol. 27, nº 5, May, 1985.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    M. Morita, J. Nakagawa, C. Rappe, “Polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) formation from PCB mixture by heat and oxygen,” Bul. Environ. C.ntam. Toxicol., nº 19, pp. 665 – 670, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    F. Pocchiari et al., “Human health effects from accidental release of TCDD at Seveso, Italy,” Annals N.Y. Academy of Science, vol. 320, pp. 311 – 321, 1979.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    C. Rappe et al., “Dioxins, dibenzofurans and other polyhalogenated aromatics: production, use, formation and destruction,” Annals New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 320, pp. 1 – 18, 1979.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    C. Rappe et al., “Occupational exposure to polychlorinated dioxins and dibenzofurans,” Chlorinated dioxins and related compounds — Impact on the environment, O. Hutisinger, ed. Pergamon Press, Oxford, N.Y. “livre réservé”, 1982.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    A. Schecter, “Contamination of an office building in Binghamton, New York by PCBs dioxins, furans and biphenylenes after an electrical panel and electrical transformer incident,” Chemosphere, vol. 12, 4 /5, pp. 669 – 680, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    D. Train, A. Chamberland, D. Dupont, J. Castonguay, “PCB capacitor fire at IREQ’S high voltage laboratory and subsequent decontamination,” PCB seminar, Seattle, Washington, 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaétan Carrier
    • 1
  1. 1.Hydro-Quebec — Direction Santé et SécuritéMontréalCanada

Personalised recommendations