Psychiatric Consultation to a Parole Board

  • Bruce Harry
  • Niels C. Beck
Part of the Critical Issues in American Psychiatry and the Law book series (CIAP, volume 5)

Abstract

Parole, the early release from a felony prison incarceration to community supervision, is a common part of the criminal justice system’s response to crime. By 1981, it was estimated that 243,880 adults, representing 11% of all those under some form of correctional supervision, were on parole in the United States.1 That same report also noted that “approximately 75% [of all eligible prisoners] are released to parole supervision.”

Keywords

Schizophrenia Cocaine Heroin Barbiturate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Broder T, Maxwell J, Reiber L, and Valvano V: Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin: Probation and Parole 1982. NCJ-89874, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, September 1983, pp 1–5. Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carroll JS, Wiener RL, Coates D, Galegher J, Alibrio JJ: Evaluation, diagnosis, and prediction in parole decision making. Law Soc Rev 1982; 17:199–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Warner SB: Factors determining parole from the Massachusetts Reformatory. J Crim Law Criminol 1923; 14:172–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wilcox C : The Parole of Adults from State Penal Institutions in Pennsylvania and in Other Commonwealths, Ph.D. dissertation. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1927. Reprinted by The Report of the Pennsylvania State Parole Commission to the Legislature, Philadelphia, 1927. Google Scholar
  5. Pihlblad CT, Kubach T: Factors influencing the decisions of a parole board.Fed Probation 1941; 5:31–35. Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hawkins KO: Parole Selection: The American Experience, Ph.D. dissertation. Cambridge, 1971.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hoffman PB, DeGostin LK: Parole decision-making: Structuring discretion. Fed Probation 1974; 38:7–15.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Clark R, Rudenstine D: Prison without Walls: Report on New York Parole. New York, Praeger Publishers, 1975, pp 52–63.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stanley DT: Prisoners among Us: The Problems of Parole. Washington, DC, Brookings Institution, 1976, pp 47–80.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    O’Leary V, Glaser D: The assessment of risk in parole decision making, in West DJ (ed): The Future of Parole: Commentaries on Systems in Britain and U.S.A London, Duckworth, 1972, pp 135–198.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thies HE, Winfree LT, Griffiths CT: Correlates of the parole-reparole process: An examination of “revolving door” corrections. Corrective Soc Psychiatry J Behav Technol Methods Ther 1982; 28:121–130.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gottfredson DM, Ballard KB: Differences in parole decisions associated with decision-makers.J Res Crime Delinquency 3:112–119, 1966. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hare RD: Criminal psychopaths, in Yuille JC (ed): Police Selection and Training: The Role of Psychology. The Netherlands, Dordrecht, Martinus Nijhoff, in press.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hart H: Predicting parole success.J Crim Law Criminol 1923; 14:405–413. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Burgess EW: Factors determining success or failure on parole, in Bruce AA, Burgess EW, Harno AJ (eds): The Workings of the Indeterminate-Sentence Law and the Parole System in Illinois. Chicago, Committee on the Study of the Workings of the Indeterminate- Sentence Law and of Parole in the State of Illinois, 1928, pp 205–249.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tibbitts C: Success or failure on parole can be predicted: A study of the records of 3,000 youths paroled from the Illinois State Reformatory. J Crim Law Criminol 1931; 22:11–50.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ohlin LE: Selection for Parole. New York, Russell Sage Foundation, 1951.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Metzner R, Weil G: Predicting recidivism: Base-rates for Massachusetts Correctional Institution Concord. J Crim Law Criminol Police Sci 1963; 54:307–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Carney FJ: Predicting recidivism in a medium security correctional institution. J Crim Law Criminol Police Sci 1967; 58:338–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kassebaum G, Ward D, Wilner D: Prison Treatment and Parole Survival: An Empirical Assessment. New York, John Wiley, 1971.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hoffman PB, Beck JL: Parole decision making: A salient factor score. J Crim Justice 1974; 2:195–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Solomon H: Parole outcome: A multidimensional contingency table analysis. J Res Crime Delinq 1976; 13:107–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Brown RC, D’Agistino CA, Craddick RA: Prediction of parole outcome based on discriminant function. Corrective Soc Psychiatry J Behav Technol Methods Ther 1978; 24:93–101.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Glueck S, Glueck ET: Five Hundred Criminal Careers. New York, Knopf, 1930.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Glueck S, Glueck ET: Later Criminal Careers. New York, The Commonwealth Fund, 1937.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jaman DR, Dickover RM, Bennett LA: Parole outcome as a function of time served. Br J Criminol 1972; 12:5–34.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Guze SB: Criminality and Psychiatric Disorders. New York, Oxford University Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Thomas PA: An analysis of parole selection. Crime Delinquency 1963; 9:173–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kastenmeier RX, Eglit HG: Parole release decision-making: Rehabilitation, expertise, and the demise of mythology. Am University Law Rev 1973; 22:477–525.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Maguire M, Pinter F, Collis C: Dangerousness and the tariff: The decision-making process in release from life sentences. Br J Criminol 1984; 24:250–268.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Dawson RO: The decision to grant or deny parole: A study of parole criteria in law and practice. Washington University Law Q 1966; 243–303. Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hawkins K: Assessing evil: Decision behavior and parole board justice. Br J Criminol 1983; 23:101–127.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cooley WW, Lohnes PR: Multivariate Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences. New York, John Wiley 8c Sons, 1962. Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Huberty CJ: Issues in the use and interpretation of discriminant analyses. Psychol Bull 1984; 95:156–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pedhazur EJ: Multiple Regression in Behavioral Research: Explanation and Prediction ed 2. New York, Holt Rinehart 8c Winston, Inc, 1982. Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Reiber L: Parole in the United States 1980 and 1981. Washington, DC, Government Printing Office, 1986, pp 4–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Harry
    • 1
    • 1
  • Niels C. Beck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatrySchool of Medicine, University of Missouri—ColumbiaColumbiaUSA

Personalised recommendations