Dietary Phytate:Zinc and Phytate X Calcium:Zinc Ratios of Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian Trappist Monks
One of the Dietary Guidelines proposed to reap health benefits for the United States population is to increase the intake of dietary fiber. Because dietary fiber is not a discrete nutritional component, the recommendation promotes alterations in other aspects of the diet as well: a decrease in animal fat and protein and an increase in vegetable fat and protein. Implicit, though not stated, is a decrease in mineral-rich foods devoid of phytate to be replaced by foods higher in phytate. The primary concern from a trace element standpoint is that the recommended increase in whole grains, fruits and vegetables as a way of increasing total dietary fiber also increases phytate intake.