Chlamydia pp 277-281 | Cite as

TWAR Infections

  • Pers-Anders Mårdh
  • Jorma Paavonen
  • Mirja Puolakkainen


As already reported in Chapter 1, there has lately been a renewed interest in a group of chlamydial organisms called TWAR agents or TWAR chlamydiae (Saikku et al., 1985, 1986b; Grayston et al., 1986a,b; Kuo et al., 1986a,b). The first TWAR organisms, i.e., TW-183 and IOL-207, were isolated during the late 1960s. In 1972, these U.S. and English chlamydial isolates were found to be antigenically similar in micro-IF tests (Dwyer et al., 1972).


Acute Myocardial Infarction Serological Evidence Pneumonia Case Tetracycline Hydrochloride Chronic Coronary Heart Disease 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pers-Anders Mårdh
    • 1
  • Jorma Paavonen
    • 2
  • Mirja Puolakkainen
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Clinical BacteriologyUniversity of UppsalaUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Helsinki University Central HospitalHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Institute of VirologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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