Chlamydia pp 203-206 | Cite as

Contraceptive Use and Infection by Chlamydia trachomatis

  • Pers-Anders Mårdh
  • Jorma Paavonen
  • Mirja Puolakkainen


There seems to be a consensus that chlamydial infection generally spreads canalicularly from the cervix to the tubes. In women in whom such a passage is impossible (such as pregnant women) or in whom the tubes have been ligated, primary salpingitis does not occur. In other women, where intraluminar passage of microbes may be facilitated (such as in women with intrauterine devices, or IUDs), salpingitis occurs more often than in controls (Weström et al., 1976). The use of contraceptives decreased the risk of salpingitis in women with chlamydial cervicitis and diminished the severity of tubal inflammatory alterations (Svensson et al., 1984).


Oral Contraceptive Contraceptive Method Chlamydia Trachomatis Chlamydial Infection Tissue Cell Culture 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pers-Anders Mårdh
    • 1
  • Jorma Paavonen
    • 2
  • Mirja Puolakkainen
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Clinical BacteriologyUniversity of UppsalaUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Helsinki University Central HospitalHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Institute of VirologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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