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Chlamydia pp 127-136 | Cite as

Trachoma

  • Pers-Anders Mårdh
  • Jorma Paavonen
  • Mirja Puolakkainen
Chapter

Abstract

Hundreds of millions of people are affected by trachoma, a conjunctival and corneal infection caused by C. trachomatis, mainly of serotypes A, B, Ba, and C (Grayston and Wang, 1975). Certain “genital” serotypes (e.g., D) of C. trachomatis have also been recovered from the eyes of some trachoma patients. In principle, trachoma occurs throughout the world. Infection by C. trachomatis, serotype A, has been demonstrated in the Middle East and North Africa, but not the United States or the Far East (Wang and Grayston, 1982). The disease is a major public health problem in many rural areas of the developing world, particularly hot and dry regions. It is estimated that about 2 million persons are blind and even a greater number of persons are suffering from partial loss of vision as a result of trachoma (Fig. 36).

Keywords

Lymphoid Follicle Bacterial Conjunctivitis Label Monoclonal Antibody Active Trachoma Corneal Vascularization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pers-Anders Mårdh
    • 1
  • Jorma Paavonen
    • 2
  • Mirja Puolakkainen
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Clinical BacteriologyUniversity of UppsalaUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Helsinki University Central HospitalHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Institute of VirologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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