Advertisement

On the Possible Use of Secondary Radioactive Beams

  • Isao Tanihata

Abstract

Since the first experiment on α scattering by Rutherford, nuclear reactions using accelerated beams of electrons, protons, deuterons, alphas, and so on, have been successfully used in the study of nuclear structure and reaction mechanisms. The use of accelerated heavy ions during the past ten years has opened a wide range of possibilities for studies in nuclear physics and other fields of research. However, until a few years ago experiments had been performed using only ions of stable isotopes.

Keywords

Storage Ring Primary Beam Exotic Nucleus Radioactive Nucleus Radioactive Beam 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. (Ah 75).
    J. Ahrens, H. Borchert, K. H. Czock, H. B. Eppler, H. Gimm, H. Gundrum, M. Köning, P. Riehn, G. Sita Ram, A. Zieger, and B. Ziegler, Nucl. Phys. A 251: 479 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. (Al 76).
    G. D. Alkhazov, T. Bauer, R. Beurtey, A. Boudard, G. Bruge, A. Chaumeaux, P. Couvert, G. Cvijanovich, H. H. Duhm, J. M. Fontaine, D. Garreta, A. V. Kulikov, D. Legrand, J. C. Lugol, J. Saudinos, J. Thirion, and A. A. Vorbyov, Nucl. Phys. A 274: 443 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. (Al 79).
    J. R. Alonso, A. Chatterjee, and C. A. Tobias, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 26: 3003 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. (Al 79a).
    R. A. Alvarez, B. L. Berman, D. D. Faul, and D. Meyer, Phys. Rev. C 19: 1667 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. (Al 84).
    J. R. Alonso and G. Krebs, Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984), p. 153.Google Scholar
  6. (As 19).
    F. W. Aston, Philos. Mag. 38: 707 (1919).Google Scholar
  7. (Ba 73).
    R. Bass, Phys. Lett. 47B: 139 (1973).ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. (Ba 80).
    F. C. Barker, Aust. J. Phys. 33: 177 (1980).MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  9. (Be 76).
    B. L. Berman, D. D. Faul, R. A. Alvarez, and P. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36: 1441 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (Be 82).
    B. L. Berman, R. Bergire, and P. Carlos, Phys. Rev. C 26: 304 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. (Be 84).
    B. L. Berman, Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984), p. 92.Google Scholar
  12. (Bi 79).
    K. Van Bibber, D. L. Hendrie, D. K. Scott, H. H. Wieman, L. S. Schroeder, J. V. Geaga, S. A. Cessin, R Treunhaft, J. Y. Grossiord, J. O. Rasmussen, and C. Y. Wong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43: 840 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. (Bi 85).
    R. Bimbot, S. Delia Negra, P. Aguer, G. Bastin, R. Anne, H. Delagrange, and F. Hubert, Z Phys. A 322: 443 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. (Bo 73).
    J. Bonn, G. Huber, H.-J. Kluge, U. Köpf, and L. Kugler, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., Suppl. 34: 317 (1973).Google Scholar
  15. (Bo 83).
    R. N. Boyd, OSU Van de Graaff Lab Rep. 2: 1 (1983).Google Scholar
  16. (Bo 83a).
    R. N. Boyd, L. Rybarcyk, M. Wiescher, and H. J. Hausman, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 30: 1 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. (Bo 84).
    R. N. Boyd, L. Rybarcyk, M. Wiescher, H. J. Hausman, and W. Kim, Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984), p. 6.Google Scholar
  18. (BO 84b).
    J. Boer, In Treatise on Heavy-Ion Science, Vol. 1 (D. Allan Bromley, ed.), Plenum Press, New York (1984), p. 293.Google Scholar
  19. (Bo 85).
    R. N. Boyd, L. Rybarcyk, H. J. Hausman, W. Kim, and P. Schmalbrock, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 10/11: 378 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. (Bo 85a).
    R. N. Boyd, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parks ville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 233.Google Scholar
  21. (Br 80).
    H. Breuer, K. L. Wolf, B. G. Glagola, K. K. Kwiatkowski, A. C. Mignerey, V. E. Viola, W. W. Wilcke, W. U. Schröder, J. R. Huizenga, D. Hilscher, and J. Birkelund, Phys. Rev. C 22: 2454 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. (Br 83).
    H. Breuer, A. C. Mignerey, V. E. Viola, K. L. Wolf, J. R. Birkelund, D. Hilscher, J. R. Huizenga, W. U. Schroder, and W. W. Wilcke, Phys. Rev. C 28: 1080 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. (Br 83a).
    H. Breuer, N. R. Yoder, A. C. Mignerey, V. E. Viola, K. Kwiatkoski, and K. L. Wolf, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 204: 419 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. (Bu 85).
    L. Buchmann, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 149.Google Scholar
  25. (Bu 85a).
    L. Buchmann, J. M. D’Auria, G. Mackenzie, H. Schneider, and R. B. Moore, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 32: 3330 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. (Ch78).
    A. Chanmeaux, V. Layly, and R. Schaffer, Ann. Phys (N.Y.) 116: 247 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. (Ch 82).
    A. Chatterjee, W. Saunders, E. L. Alpen, J. Alonso, J. J. Scherer, and J. Llacer, Radiat. Res. 92: 230 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. (Co 67).
    H. R. Collard, L. R. B. Elton, and R. Hofstafter, in Nuclear Radii, Vol. 2 (H. Schopper, Landolt Bornstein, and NS-Gi’, eds.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1967).Google Scholar
  29. (Co 81).
    T. M. Cormier and P. M. Stwertka, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 184: 423 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. (Co 83).
    T. M. Cormier, M. G. Herman, B. S. Lin, and P. M. Stwertka, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 212: 185 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. (Cu 86).
    M. S. Curtin, L. H. Harwood, J. A. Nolen, B. Sherrill, Z. Z. Q. Xie, and B. A. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56: 34 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. (Du 86).
    J. P. Dufour, R. Del Moral, H. Emmermann, F. Hubert, D. Jean, C. Poinot, M. S. Pravikoff, A. Fleury, H. Delagrange, and K.-H. Schmidt, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 248: 267 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. (El 61).
    L. R. B. Elton, Nuclear Sizes, Oxford University Press (1961), p. 21.Google Scholar
  34. (F1 85).
    A. Fleury, R. D. Moral, J. P. Dufour, H. Emmermann, F. Hubert, C. Poinot, M. S. Pravikoff, H. Delagrange, and R. Bimbot, Nucl Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 10/11: 369 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. (Fo 84).
    W. A. Fowler, Rev. Mod. Phys. 56: 149 (1984).Google Scholar
  36. (Fu 79).
    T. Fujita and J. Hüfner, Nucl. Phys. A 343: 493 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. (Go 74).
    A. S. Goldhaber, Phys. Lett. 53B: 306 (1974).ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. (Go 78).
    A. S. Goldhaber and H. H. Heckmann, Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 28: 161 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. (Gr 75).
    D. E. Greiner, P. J. Lindstrom, H. H. Heckman, Bruce Cork, and F. S. Bieser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 35: 152 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. D. Guerreau, J. Phys. (Paris), Suppl. #8, C4: 207 (1986).Google Scholar
  41. (Ha 82a).
    J. H. Hamilton, Heavy Ion Collisions, Vol. 3 (R. Bock, ed.), North-Holland, Amsterdam (1982), p. 574.Google Scholar
  42. (Ha 83).
    R. C. Haight, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 212: 245 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. (Ha 83a).
    R. C. Haight, G. J. Mathews, R. M. White, L. A. Aviles, and S. E. Woodard, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 30: 1160 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. (Ha 84).
    E. Hagberg, J. C. Hardy, H. Schmeing, and G. Audi, Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984), p. 71.Google Scholar
  45. (Ha 85).
    E. Hagberg, J. C. Hardy, G. Audi, and H. Schmeing, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 323.Google Scholar
  46. (Ha 85a).
    S. S. Hanna and J. W. Hugg, Hyperfine Interact. 21: 59 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. (He 72).
    H. H. Heckmann, D. E. Greiner, P. J. Lindstrom, and F. Bieser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28: 926 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. (He 78).
    H. H. Heckmann, D. E. Greiner, P. J. Lindstrom, and H. Shwe, Phys. Rev. C 17: 1735 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. (Hi 83).
    T. Higo, S. Matsuki, and T. Yanabu, Nucl. Phys. A 393: 224 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. (Ho 73).
    H. Horie and K. Sugimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., Suppl. 34(1973).Google Scholar
  51. (Hu 80).
    J. Hüfner and M. C. Nemes, Phys. Rev. C 23: 2538 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. (Hu 86).
    F. Hubert, J. P. Dufour, R. Del Moral, H. Emmermann, D. Jean, C. Poinot, M. S. Pravikoff, A. Fleury, H. Delagrange, H. Geissel, and K.-H. Schmidt, J. Phys. (Paris)Suppl. 47, C4: 229 (1986).Google Scholar
  53. (Ja 78).
    J. Jaros, A. Wagner, L. Anderson, O. Chamberlain, R. Z. Fuzesy, J. Gallup, W. Gorn, L. Schroeder, S. Shannon, G. Shapiro, and H. Steiner, Phys. Rev. C 18: 2273 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. (Ka 75).
    P. J. Karol, Phys. Rev. C 11: 1203 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. (Ka 84).
    T. Katayama, Proc. of the 10th Int. Conf. on Cyclotron and their Appl., East Lansing, MI, May 1984, p. 595.Google Scholar
  56. (Ka 86).
    T. Katayama, Proc. of the 11th Int. Conf. on Cyclotrons and their Appl., Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 1986, to appear.Google Scholar
  57. (Ki 85a).
    P. Kienle, GSI report GSI-85–16 (1985), p. 1.Google Scholar
  58. (Ki 85b).
    P. Kienle, GSI report GSI-85–33 (1985), p. 1.Google Scholar
  59. (La 85).
    M. Langevin, E. Quiniou, M. Bernas, J. Galin, J. C. Jacmart, F. Naulin, F. Pougheon, R. Anne, C. Détraz, D. Guerreau, D. Guillemaud-Mueller, and A. C. Mueller, Phys. Lett. 150B: 71 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  60. (La 85a).
    F. Pougheon, R. Anne, C. Detraz, D. Guerreau, D. Guillemaud-Mueller, and A. C. Mueller, Phys. Lett. 150B: 71 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. (Le 84).
    G. A. Leander, Proc. of 7th International Conf. on Nucl. Mass(1984), p. 466.Google Scholar
  62. (Le 85).
    J. K. P. Lee, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 77.Google Scholar
  63. (Li 75).
    P. J. Lindstrom, D. E. Greiner, H. H. Heckmann, B. Cork, and F. S. Bieser, LBL report 3650 (1975), p. 1.Google Scholar
  64. (Ma 83).
    G. J. Mathews, R. C. Haight, R. G. Lanier, and R. M. White, Phys. Rev. C 28: 879 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. (Ma 84).
    G. J. Mathews, R. C. Haight, and R. W. Bauer, Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984), p. 21.Google Scholar
  66. (Ma 85).
    G. H. Mackenzie, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 210.Google Scholar
  67. (Ma 85a).
    G. J. Mathews, R. W. Bauer, R. C. Haight, and K. E. Sale, Proc. of the Accelerated Radiactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI- 85–1 (1985), p. 241.Google Scholar
  68. (Mi 84a).
    T. Minamisono, BEVALAC Proposal E732H (1984).Google Scholar
  69. (Mi 86).
    W. Mittig, L. Bianchi, A. Cunsolo, B. Fernandez, A. Foti, J. Gastebois, A. Gillibert, C. Grégoire, Y. Schutz, C. Stephan, and A. Peghaire, GANIL report P. 86–03 (1986), p. 1.Google Scholar
  70. (Mi 86a).
    Y. Miyazawa, M. Hemmi, T. Kambara, M. Yanokura, M. Kase, E. Ikesawa, Y. Chiba, and I. Tanihata, to be published in the Proc. of the 11th Int. Conf. on Cyclotrons and their Appl., Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 1986, to appear.Google Scholar
  71. (Mo 84).
    P. Moller, Proc. of 7th International Conf. on Nucl. Mass(1984), p. 457.Google Scholar
  72. (Mu 84).
    J. A. Musser and J. D. Stevenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53: 2544 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. (Mu 85).
    R. W. Muller, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 161.Google Scholar
  74. (My 66).
    W. D. Myers and W. J. Swiatecki, Nucl. Phys. 81: 1 (1966).Google Scholar
  75. (My 83).
    W. D. Myers and K.-H. Schmidt, Nucl. Phys. A 410: 61 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. (No 86).
    Y. Nojiri, K. Matsuta, T. Minamisono, K. Sugimoto, K. Takeyama, H. Hamagaki, S. Nagamiya, K. Omata, Y. Shida, I. Tanihata, T. Kobayashi, S. Matsuki, S. Shimoura, J. R. Alonso, G. Krebs, and T. J. M. Symons, Hyperfine Interact., 35: 1019 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. (No 86a).
    Y. Nojiri, K. Takeyama, K. Matsuta, K. Asahi, and T. Minamisono, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., Suppl. 55: 391 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  78. (Od 84).
    M. Odera, Y. Chiba, T. Tonuma, M. Hemmi, Y. Miyazawa, T. Inoue, T. Kambara, M. Kase, T. Kubo, and F. Yoshida, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 227: 187 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. (Ol 81).
    O. L. Olson, B. L. Berman, D. E. Greiner, H. H. Heckman, P. J. Lindstrom, G. D. Westfall, and H. J. Crawford, Phys. Rev. C 24: 1529 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. (Ol 83).
    D. L. Olson, B. L. Berman, D. E. Greiner, H. H. Heckman, P. J. Lindstrom, and H. J. Crawford, Phys. Rev. C 28: 1602 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. (Ot 81).
    E. W. Otten, Nucl. Phys. A 354:471c (1981).Google Scholar
  82. (Pe 83).
    A. Petrovici, A. Faessler, and Th. Koppel, Z. Phys. A 314: 227 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. (Pi 81).
    R. B. Piercey, J. H. Hamilton, R. Soundranayagam, A. V. Ramayya, C. F. Maguire, X.-J, Sun, Z. Z. Zhao, R. L. Robinson, H. J. Kim, S. Frauendorf, J. Döring, L. Funke, G. Winter, J. Roth, L. Cleemann, J. Eberth, W. Neumann, J. C. Wells, J. Lin, A. C. Rester, and H. K. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47: 1514 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  84. (Pi 84).
    R. B. Piercey, Proc. Conf. on Instrumentation for Heavy-Ion Nuclear Research, Oct. 1984, Oak Ridge, TN (1984).Google Scholar
  85. (Pi 85).
    R. B. Piercey, T. M. Cornier, and M. Satteson, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 250.Google Scholar
  86. (Pr 82).
    SIS-Ein Beschleuniger fuer schwere lonen hoher Energie, GSI-Bericht 82–2; B. Franzke et al, Zwischenbericht zur Planung des Experimentier-Speicherrings (ESR) der GSI, GSI-SIS-INT/84–5, Aug. 1984.Google Scholar
  87. (Pr 84).
    Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984).Google Scholar
  88. (Pr 85).
    Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85—1 (1985).Google Scholar
  89. (Pr 85a).
    The TRIUMF-ISOL Facility, A Proposal for an Intense Radioactive Beams Facility, June 1985.Google Scholar
  90. (Pr 86).
    The BEVALAC Upgrade-A preliminary proposal, LBL PUB-5166, March 1986.Google Scholar
  91. (Ra 79).
    H. L. Ravn, Phys. Rep. 54: 201 (1979).Google Scholar
  92. (Ra 85).
    H. L. Ravn, J. M. D’Auria, M. J. G. Borge, Y. Huang, O. C. Jonsson, L. Nikkinen, and S. Sundel, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, 1(1985), p. 94.Google Scholar
  93. (Ru 66).
    G. Rudstam, Z. Naturforsch. 21a: 1027 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. (Se 68).
    G. T. Seaborg, Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 18: 53 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. (St 81).
    J. D. Stevenson and P. B. Price, Phys. Rev. C 24: 2102 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. (Su 73).
    K. Sugimoto and I. Tanihata, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., Suppl. 34: 245 (1973).Google Scholar
  97. (Ta 84).
    W. L. Talbert, Jr., M. E. Bunker, and J. W. Starner, Proc. of the TRIUMF-ISOL Workshop, Mont Rolland, Quebec (J. E. Crawford and J. M. D’Auria, eds.), TRIUMF Report TRI-84—1 (1984), p. 179.Google Scholar
  98. (Ta 84a).
    W. L. Talbert, Jr. and M. E. Bunker, Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984), p. 59.Google Scholar
  99. (Ta 85).
    I. Tanihata, Hyperfine Interact. 21: 251 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. (Ta 85a).
    I. Tanihata, H. Hamagaki, O. Hashimoto, S. Nagamiya, Y. Shida, N. Yoshikawa, O. Yamakawa, K. Sugimoto, T. Kobayashi, D. E. Greiner, N. Takahashi, and Y. Nojiri, Phys. Lett. 160B: 380 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. (Ta 85b).
    I. Tanihata, H. Hamagaki, O. Hashimoto, Y. Shida, N. Yoshikawa, K. Sugimoto, O. Yamakawa, T. Kobayashi, and N. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55: 2676 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. (Ta 85c).
    I. Tanihata, Proc. of the 7th High-Energy Heavy Ion Study, GSI Darmstadt, Oct. 1984, GSI-85, 10(1985), p. 413.Google Scholar
  103. (Ta 85d).
    I. Tanihata, Proc. of the Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, Parksville, Canada, Sept. 1985, TRIUMF report TRI-85–1 (1985), p. 354.Google Scholar
  104. (Tw 86).
    P. J. Twin, B. M. Nyako, A. H. Nelson, J. Simpson, J. F. Sharpey-Schafer, and G. Sletten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57: 811 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. (Va 85).
    J. P. Vary and M. A. Nagarajan, Proc. of the Workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators, Washington, D.C., April 1984, LBL-18187 (1984), p. 113.Google Scholar
  106. (Vi 79).
    Y. P. Viyogi, T. J. M. Symons, P. Doll, D. E. Greiner, H. H. Heckman, D. L. Hendrie, P. J. Lindstrom, J. Mahoney, D.K. Scott, K. Van Bibber, G. D. Westfall, H. Wieman, H. J. Crawford, C. McParland, and C. K. Gelbke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42: 33 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. (Wa 71).
    A. H. Wapstra and N. B. Gpve, Nucl. Data, Sect. A 9: 267 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. (Wa 80).
    A. H. Wapstra and K. Bos, in Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants 6(J. A. Nolen and W. Benenson, eds.), Plenum Press, New York (1980), p. 547.Google Scholar
  109. (Wa 80a).
    R. A. Ward and W. A. Fowler, Astrophys. J. 238: 266 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. (Wa 81).
    R. K. Wallace and S. E. Woosley, Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser. 45: 389 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. (We 79).
    G. D. Westfall, T. J. M. Symons, D. E. Greiner, H. H. Heckman, P. J. Lindstrom, J. Mahoney, A. C. Shotter, D. K. Scott, H. J. Crawford, C. McParland, T. C. Awes, C. K. Gelbke, and J. M. Kidd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43: 1859 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag US 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isao Tanihata
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN)WakoJapan

Personalised recommendations