Disorders of Magnesium Metabolism
Magnesium is one of the most abundant intracellular ions in plants and animals. Magnesium is the second most common divalent metal ion in the oceans and the third most common on land. In the precambrian sea, where life is thought to have developed, magnesium held a dominant position. Therefore, it is not surprising that cells have tried to maintain their original environment. In the milieu interieur, magnesium is of great importance for many biologic actions, and the ion is essential for growth and life. Even the most primitive energy-producing reactions, such as anaerobic glycolysis, need magnesium as an essential activator in several enzymatic steps.
KeywordsSerum Magnesium Tubular Reabsorption Magnesium Deficiency Calcium Oxalate Stone Serum Magnesium Level
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Wacker WEC, Parisi AF: Magnesium metabolism. N Engl J Med 278:658–663, 712–717, 772–776.Google Scholar
- 4.Massry SG: Role of hormonal and non-hormonal factors in the control of renal handling of magnesium. Mag Bull 3:277–280, 1981.Google Scholar
- 5.Cronin RE, Knochel JP: Magnesium deficiency. Adv Int Med 28:509–533, 1983.Google Scholar
- 6.Reyes AJ, Leary WP: Diuretics and magnesium. Mag Bull 3:87–99, 1984.Google Scholar
- 7.Dyckner T, Wester PO: Clinical significance of diuretic-induced magnesium loss. Bract Cardiol 10(6): 1–4, 1984.Google Scholar