Advertisement

Histoplasma in AIDS Patients

  • Michael G. Rinaldi

Abstract

It is clear that histoplasmosis is a significant infectious complication in AIDS patients and has been recognized as one of the defining opportunistic infections for this syndrome. An increasing body of data has accumulated and been published regarding histoplasmosis in AIDS victims. One particularly fascinating aspect of this mycosis in AIDS patients concerns its epidemiology.

Keywords

Acquire Immunodeficiency Syndrome Immune Deficiency Syndrome Nonendemic Area Acute Pulmonary Histoplasmosis African Histoplasmosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anaissie, E., Fainstein, V., Samo, T., Body, G.P., and Sarosi, G.A., 1988, Central nervous system histoplasmosis. An unappreciated complication of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Am. J. Med., 84:215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baptist, S.J., Montana, J.B., Arden, S.B., Leon, L., and Dutel, M., 1985, Disseminated histoplasmosis in a man with AIDS, N.Y. State J. Med., 85:664.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bartholomew, C., Raju, C., Patrick, A., Penco, F., and Jankey, N., 1984, AIDS on Trinidad, Lancet, 1:103.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bonner, J.R., Alexander, W.J., Dismukes, W.E., App, W., Griffin, F.M., Little, R., and Shin, M.S., 1984, Disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Arch. Intern. Med., 144:2178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carmona, F.J., 1971, Analisis estadistico y ecologio-epidemiologico de la sensibilidad a la histoplasmina en Colombia, 1950–1968, Antioquia Med., 21:109.Google Scholar
  6. Centers for Disease Control, 1985, Revision of the case definition of acquired immune deficiency syndrome for national reporting — United States, MMWR, 34:373.Google Scholar
  7. DiSalvo, A.F., and Johnson, W.M., 1979, Histoplasmosis in South Carolina: support for the microfocus concept, Am. J. Epidemiol., 109:480.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Emmons, C.W., 1949, Isolation of Histoplasma capsulatum from soil, Public Health Rep., 64:892.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Freeman, W.E., O’Quinn, J.L., and Lesher, J.L. Jr., 1989, Fever and hyperpigmented papules in an intravenous drug abuser. Disseminated histoplasmosis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Arch. Dermatol., 125:689.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Furcolow, M.L., 1958, Recent studies on the epidemiology of histoplasmosis, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 72:127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Graybill, J.R., 1988, Histoplasmosis and AIDS, J. Infect. Dis., 158:623.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Haggerty, C.M., Britton, M.C., Dorman, J.M., and Marzoni, F.A. Jr., 1985, Gastrointestinal histoplasmosis in suspected acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, West. J. Med., 143:244.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Hazelhurst, J.A., and Vismer, H.F., 1985, Histoplasmosis presenting with unusual skin lesions in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Br. J. Permatol., 113:345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huang, C.T., McGarry, T., Cooper, S., Saunders, R., and Andavolu, R., 1987, Disseminated histoplasmosis in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Report of five cases from a nonendemic area, Arch. Intern. Med., 147:1181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Johnson, P.C., Sarosi, G.A., Septimus, E.J., and Satterwhite, T.K., 1986, Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome: A report of 12 cases and a literature review, Semin. in Resp. Infect., 1:1.Google Scholar
  16. Johnson, P.C., and Sarosi, G.A., 1987, AIDS and progressive disseminated histoplasmosis, J.A.M.A.. 258:202.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Johnson, P.C., Khardori, N., Najjar, A.F., Butt, F., Mansell, P.W., and Sarosi, G.A., 1988, Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Am. J. Med., 85:152.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kalter, D.C., Tschen, J.A., and Klima, M., 1985, Maculopapular rash in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Disseminated histoplasmosis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Arch. Dermatol., 121:1455.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kaur, J., and Myers, A.M., 1983, Sexuality, steroid therapy, and histoplasmosis, Ann. Intern. Med., 99:567.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Klite, P.D., and Dierchel, F.H., 1965, Histoplasmosis capsulatum in fecal contents and organs of bats in the Canal Zone, Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 14:433.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Macher, A.M., 1988, The pathology of AIDS, Public Health Rep., 103:246.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Mandell, W., Goldberg, D.M., and Neu, H.C., 1986, Histoplasmosis in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Am. J. Med., 81:974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Manos, N.E., Ferebee, S.H., and Kerschbaum, W.F., 1956, Geographic variation in the prevalence of histoplasmin sensitivity, Dis. Chest, 29:649.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Negroni, P., 1940, Estudio micologico del primer caso Argentino de histoplasmosis, Rev. Inst. Bacteriol. Malbran., 9:239.Google Scholar
  25. Pasternak, J., and Bolivar, R., 1983, Histoplasmosis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): diagnosis by bone marrow examination, Arch. Intern. Med., 143:2024PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Peeters, P., Deprie, G., Richaert; F., Coremans-Pelseneer, J., and Serruys, E., 1987, Disseminated African histoplasmosis in a white heterosexual male patient with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Mykosen. 30:449.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Rippon, J.W., 1988, “Medical Mycology”, 3rd edition, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  28. Salzman, S.H., Smith, R.L., and Aranda, C.P., 1988, Histoplasmosis in patients at risk for the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in a nonendemic setting, Chest, 93:916.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sathapatayavongs, B., Batteiger, B.E., Wheat, J., Slama, T.G., and Wass, J.L., 1983, Clinical and laboratory features of disseminated histoplasmosis during two large urban outbreaks, Medicine, 62:263.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schlech, W.F., Wheat, L.J., Ho, J.L., French, M.L.V., Weeks, R.J., Kohler, R.B., Deane, C.E., Eitzen, H.E., and Band, J.D., 1983, Recurrent urban histoplasmosis, Indianapolis, Indiana, 1980–1981, Am. J. Epidemiol., 118:301.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Small, C.B., Klein, R.S., Friedland, G.H., Moll, B., Emeson, E.E., and Spiglandi, I., 1983, Community-acquired opportunistic infections and defective cellular immunity in heterosexual drug abusers and homosexual men, Am. J. Med., 74:433.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Taylor, M.N., Baddour, L.M., and Alexander, J.R., 1984, Disseminated histoplasmosis associated with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Am. J. Med., 77:579.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tornita, T., and Chiga, M., 1988, Disseminated histoplasmosis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: light and electron microscopic observations, Hum. Pathol., 19:438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wheat, L.J., and Small, C.B., 1984, Disseminated histoplasmosis in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Arch. Intern. Med., 144:2147PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wheat, L.J., Slama, T.G., and Zeckel, M.L., 1985, Histoplasmosis in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Am. J. Med., 78:203.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael G. Rinaldi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Fungus Testing LaboratoryUniversity of Texas Health Science CenterSan AntonioUSA

Personalised recommendations