Good Psychosocial Adaptation to Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators

  • Colette Pycha
  • Joseph R. Calabrese


Sudden cardiac death accounts for approximately 450,000 of all annual cardiac deaths in the United States alone [1], making it one of the leading causes of death today [2]. Although the pathogenesis of sudden cardiac death remains unclear, it has been accepted that the majority of these out-of-the-hospital deaths are caused by ventricular fibrillation related to a malignant ventricular arrhythmia [1]. One year mortality rates (26%) remain high despite the availability of potent antiarrhythmic agents and arrhythmia surgery [1,3].


Implantable CARDIOVERTER Defibrillator Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia Psychosocial Adaptation Malignant Ventricular Arrhythmia Patient Implantable CARDIOVERTER Defibrillator 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colette Pycha
    • 1
  • Joseph R. Calabrese
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry & PsychologyCleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

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