The Autistic Child

  • Evelyn Phillips Heimlich
  • Arlene J. Mark


Autism is a baffling syndrome that has been studied by many distinguished researchers, including Kanner and Eisenberg, who described it as early as 1943. Currently, the diagnosis of autism as listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (1980) is accepted by most professionals. The essential features of children afflicted with this behavioral syndrome are a lack of responsiveness to other human beings, gross impairment in communicative skills, and bizarre responses to various aspects of the environment, all developing within the first 30 months of age. Various combinations of causality fall along a continuum, with largely environmental factors at one end, and inherent or congenitally based vulnerability at the other. This chapter addresses itself particularly to the environmental factors that contribute to autistic behavior.


Autistic Child Autistic Behavior Loud Sound Direct Speech Painful Affect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bender, L. 1952. Personal communication.Google Scholar
  2. Creak, E. M. 1963. Childhood psychosis. Brit J Psychiatry 109: 84–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Escalona, S., and Bergman, P. 1949. Unusual sensitivities in very young children. In Psychoanalytic study of the child. New York: International Universities Press, pp. 3–4.Google Scholar
  4. Frank, L. 1971. Tactile communication. In The rhetoric of nonverbal communication. H. Bosmajian, ed. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.Google Scholar
  5. Freud, Anna. 1946. The psychoanalytic treatment of children. London: Imago.Google Scholar
  6. Heimlich, E. P. 1972. Paraverbal techniques in the therapy of childhood disorders. Int J Child Psychother 1: 65–83.Google Scholar
  7. Howlin, Patricia, & Rutter, M. 1987. Treatment of autistic children. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Kanner, L. 1958. The specificity of early infantile autism: The concept of infantile autism. Rev Psychiatric Infant 25: 113.Google Scholar
  9. Kanner, L., and Eisenberg, L. 1955. The specificity of early infantile autism: Notes on the follow-up studies of autistic children. In Psychopathology of childhood. P. Hoch and J. Rubin, eds. New York: Grune and Stratton.Google Scholar
  10. Mahler, M. 1975. Psychological birth of the human infant. Symbiosis and individuation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  11. Mahler, M. 1952. On child psychosis and schizophrenia: Autistic and symbiotic infantile psychosis. Psychoanal Study Child 7: 286–305.Google Scholar
  12. Simon, Baron-Cohen. 1988. Better communicative skills. J Autism Dev Disorders 18 (3): 379–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Stern, D. 1985. The interpersonal world of the infant. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn Phillips Heimlich
  • Arlene J. Mark

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations