Autism is a baffling syndrome that has been studied by many distinguished researchers, including Kanner and Eisenberg, who described it as early as 1943. Currently, the diagnosis of autism as listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (1980) is accepted by most professionals. The essential features of children afflicted with this behavioral syndrome are a lack of responsiveness to other human beings, gross impairment in communicative skills, and bizarre responses to various aspects of the environment, all developing within the first 30 months of age. Various combinations of causality fall along a continuum, with largely environmental factors at one end, and inherent or congenitally based vulnerability at the other. This chapter addresses itself particularly to the environmental factors that contribute to autistic behavior.
KeywordsAutistic Child Autistic Behavior Loud Sound Direct Speech Painful Affect
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