Non-Culture Tests for the Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

  • Leonard Zubrzycki
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 263)


Gram-stain examination and culture of clinical specimens are the standard diagnostic tests for gonorrhea. However, both techniques have limitations. Gram stain is relatively insensitive for the diagnosis of cervical and rectal infections, and correct Interpretation of the Gram stain requires an experienced reader.1 Culture results may be unsatisfactory, unless selective culture medium is quality controlled, stored, and Inoculated properly, and promptly Incubated in a CO2-enriched atmosphere. Also the culture method using the common selective medium fails to detect vancomycin-susceptible strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Further problems arise when specimens must be sent to another facility for culturing.


Predictive Value Positive Clinical Material Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Anal Specimen Gonococcal Infection 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard Zubrzycki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyTemple University School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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