Chemical Carcinogens Present in Nigerian (African) Foods and Drinks

  • Helen O. Kwanashie

Abstract

Dietary association with chemical carcinogens is a well recognized occurence the world over. This paper reviews the presence of some compounds which have been detected and measured in foods and drinks that are indigenous to Nigeria. Diverse staple food items are known to be heavily contaminated with mycotoxins, particularly those producing the aflatoxin series. Poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzpyrenes and anthracenes are present in smoked fish and meat. Several locally brewed alcoholic beverages have also been shown to contain nitrosatable amines. The widespread use of pesticides for agricultural and disease control purposes ensures a generous level of residues in foodstuffs. The presence of these and other chemical carcinogens in Nigerian foods and drinks may be associated with environmental factors, processing and handling practices and may account for the prevalence of certain types of cancers in the population.

Keywords

Fermentation Dust Nitrite Sewage Smoke 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen O. Kwanashie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and Clinical PharmacyAhmuda Bello UniversityZariaNigeria

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