Ischemic Heart Disease as Copper Deficiency

  • Leslie M. Klevay


During the last 100 years, the leading causes of death in the United States have changed dramatically. 1,2 Infectious diseases were the leading killers early in the century. Deaths from heart disease did not exceed those from tuberculosis until 1910. Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, 3 and has been for some time.


Ischemic Heart Disease Copper Deficiency Cholesterol Acyl Transferase Copper Intake Dietary Copper 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie M. Klevay
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA, ARSGrand Forks Human Nutrition Research CenterGrand ForksUSA

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