Elevated Blood Pressure

  • Craig K. Ewart
  • Susanna Cunningham
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series


Behavioral interventions to modify diet, activity, and emotional stress constitute the recommended initial treatment for mild essential hypertension in children and should accompany pharmacological therapy in more severe cases (Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children, 1987; referred to hereafter as the Second Task Force). The first concern is to ensure that the blood pressure evaluation process itself does not generate excessive anxiety and negative self-labeling on the part of child and family (Bloom & Monterossa, 1981; Bergman & Stamm, 1967). If, upon repeated assessment, the child’s blood pressure is found to be significantly elevated, this can usually be presented as a timely cue to start changing life-style patterns that could lead to health problems later on. Behavioral assessment and intervention efforts then focus on modifying diet habits, increasing physical activity, and reducing excessive emotional stress.


High Blood Pressure Blood Pressure Control Elevated Blood Pressure Fast Food Dietary Sodium 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig K. Ewart
    • 1
  • Susanna Cunningham
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Public Health Psychology, School of Hygiene and Public HealthJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physiological Nursing, School of NursingUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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