Workshop 3 Environmental Impact
The workshop on environmental impact was well attended, with approximately 70 participants. The session opened with a presentation by Dr. Lynch, who discussed exchange processes. He stated his lack of conviction that a principal ecological issue is at stake. That introduction of genetically-modified microorganisms into the environment is damaging environmentally has not been definitively demonstrated. An impetus for new methodologies in microbial ecology is plant genetic modification. In trying to determine the impact of genetically-modified plants on microbial communities, the British Department of the Environment sought to determine critical baseline factors. However, the dominant bacterial members of a community are not clearly understood. The Oxford Experimental Virology Group has carried out releases, e.g. studies of leaf and root surfaces in soil have been done to determine the dominant microbial members. The dominant versus genetically-modified microorganisms are appropriately marked and have been studied to determine any impact. Bacteria do not dominate soil; it is mainly the fungal community. Thus, it is necessary to determine the baseline fungal community.
KeywordsCellulose Fermentation Corn Carbohydrate Lignin
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.