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Visual Integration in Callosal Agenesis

  • A. David Milner
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 42)

Abstract

The visual system is wired up in a rather strictly lateralized fashion. Aside from a thin band of the retina (perhaps about 1 deg of visual angle) bordering the vertical meridian, information impinging on the right hemiretina is transmitted faithfully to targets on the right side of the brain, and similarly on the left. These retinofugal neurons synapse upon a number of lateralized structures in the thalamus [especially the pars dorsalis and pars ventralis of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd and LGNv)], and in the midbrain [especially the superior colliculus (SC) and the pretectal nuclei]. From these subcortical structures, the principal route to the cerebral cortex is the direct one from the LGNd to the primary visual cortex (V1), but there are also substantial indirect ones. There are multiple routes from the midbrain visual areas to thalamic nuclei (notably within the pulvinar complex) and from there to secondary and tertiary cortical visual areas.

Keywords

Corpus Callosum Superior Colliculus Anterior Commissure Simple Reaction Time Vertical Meridian 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. David Milner
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychological LaboratoryUniversity of St AndrewsSt Andrews, FifeScotland

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