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Mechanisms of Neuronal Degeneration in Huntington’s Disease

  • Robert J. Ferrante
  • M. Flint Beal
  • Neil W. Kowall
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 41)

Abstract

Two complementary research strategies have been undertaken to define the mechanisms of neuronal degeneration in Huntington’s disease (HD) (Kowall et al., 1987; Ferrante, 1991). Because HD is an autosomal dominant disease caused by a specific mutation localized to the telomeric region of the short arm of chromosome four, a great deal of effort has been directed to finding the gene locus responsible for the disease (Gusella et al., 1986). Although the gene has recently been identified, the specific biochemical abnormality that causes HD and the mechanism of neuronal degeneration has not yet been determined (Huntington’s Disease Collaborative Research Group, 1993). This strategy has made it possible to diagnose presymptomatic individuals and has contributed to mapping studies of the human genome. A second complementary strategy that we and others have used has been to define the specific changes that occur in HD brain and explore animal models that recreate these pathological alterations (Kowall et al., 1987; Beai et al., 1989a and b, 1991a and b; Albin et al., 1990; DiFiglia, 1990; Ferrante, 1991; Ferrante et al., 1992, 1993;).

Keywords

Neuronal Degeneration Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule Kainic Acid Quinolinic Acid Striatal Neuron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Ferrante
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Flint Beal
    • 3
    • 4
  • Neil W. Kowall
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Geriatric Research Education Clinical CenterBedford VA Medical CenterBedfordUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Neurology and PathologyBoston University School of MedicineUSA
  3. 3.Neurology ServiceMassachusetts General HospitalUSA
  4. 4.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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