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The N-Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient

A Critical Parameter in Environmental Risk Assessment of Offshore E&P Chemicals
  • Eilen Arctander Vik
  • Siri Bakke
  • David R. Johnson
  • Johan Verburgh
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 52)

Abstract

The objective of the Oslo and Paris Commission’s (OSPAR) work connected to offshore exploration and production (E&P) chemicals, is to reduce the use and discharge of the chemicals posing an unacceptable risk to the marine environment. Within OSPAR the required test procedure for offshore E&P chemicals have, to a large extent, been harmonized. The standard methods used are generally based on well established OECD Guidelines or proposed guidelines and require that that the tests are conducted according to OECD’s GLP (Good Laboratory Practice) principles. The basic data set includes the following ecotoxicological tests (OSPAR, 1995):
  • Toxicity

  • Algae: Skeletonema costatum

  • Herbivore: Acartia tonsa

  • Sediment reworker: Corophium volutator

  • Fish: Scopthalmus maximus

  • Biodegradation

  • A 28-day seawater test

  • Bioaccumulation

  • n-octanol/water partition coefficient, Pow

Keywords

High Performance Liquid Chromatography High Performance Liquid Chromatography Partition Coefficient Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship Corrosion Inhibitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eilen Arctander Vik
    • 1
  • Siri Bakke
    • 1
  • David R. Johnson
    • 2
  • Johan Verburgh
    • 3
  1. 1.Aquateam - Norwegian Water Technology Centre A/SOsloNorway
  2. 2.Conoco Norway Inc.StavangerNorway
  3. 3.European Chemicals Bureau JRC-ECB (TP280)Ispra (VA)Italy

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