Effects of Cryogenic Irradiation on Temperature Sensors

  • S. Scott Courts
  • D. Scott Holmes
Part of the A Cryogenic Engineering Conference Publication book series (ACRE, volume 41)


Several types of commercially available cryogenic temperature sensors were calibrated, irradiated at 4.2 K by a gamma or neutron source, and recalibrated in-situ to determine their suitability for thermometry in radiation environments. Comparisons were made between pre-and post-irradiation calibrations with the equivalent temperature shift calculated for each sensor at various temperature in the 4.2 K to 330 K range. Four post-irradiation calibrations were performed with annealing steps performed at 20 K, 80 K, and 330 K. Temperature sensors which were gamma irradiated were given a total dose of 10,000 Gy. Temperature sensors which were neutron irradiated were irradiated to a total fluence of 2×1012 n/cm2. In general, for gamma radiation environments, diodes are unsuitable for use. Both carbon glass and germanium resistance sensors performed well at lower temperature, while platinum resistance sensors performed best above 30 K. Thin-film rhodium and Cernox™ resistance sensors both performed well over the 4.2 K to 330 K range. Only thin-film rhodium and Cernox™ resistance temperature sensors were neutron irradiated and they both performed well over the 4.2 K to 330 K range.


Radiation Environment Resistance Sensor Carbon Glass Silicon Diode Calibration Probe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    “Radiation Effects At The SSC,” M.G.D. Gilchriese, ed., Superconducting Super Collider Central Design Group, SSC-SR-1035 (1988).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G.C. Messenger and M.S. Ash. “The Effects of Radiation on Electronic Systems,” Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York (1986).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.R. Srour, D.M. Long, D.G. Millward, R.L. Fitzwilson and W.L. Chadsey. “Radiation Effects on and Dose Enhancement of Electronic Materials”, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V.A.J, van Lint, T.M. Flanagan, R.E. Leadon, J.A. Naber and V.C. Rogers. “Mechanisms of Radiation Effects in Electronic Materials, Vol. 1,” John Wiley and Sons, New York (1980).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.S. Courts, D.S. Holmes, and P.R. Swinehart, Neutron and gamma radiation effects on cryogenic temperature sensors, in: “Temperature, Its Measurement and Control in Science and Industry,” J. F. Schooley, ed., American Institute of Physics, New York (1992) p. 1237.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.S. Courts, D.S. Holmes, and P.R. Swinehart, “Radiation Resistant Cryogenic Temperature Sensor for the 4 K to 80 K Range,” final report for Department of Energy contract number DE-FG02–90ER81074 by Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc., Westerville, OH (1994).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc., “Temperature Measurement and Control, Product Catalog and Reference Guide, Part 1 of 2”, published by Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc., Westerville, OH (1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Scott Courts
  • D. Scott Holmes
    • 1
  1. 1.Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc.WestervilleUSA

Personalised recommendations