Design of the XRS Helium Insert
The X-Ray Spectrometer (XRS) instrument has gone through numerous iterations, first as an instrument on NASA’s Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), then on AXAF-S, and now scheduled to fly on the Japanese Astro-E satellite. The Astro-E XRS is a high precision x-ray spectrometer with better than 20 eV resolution for x-ray energies from 0.3 to 10 keV. The requirement to obtain a lifetime greater than two years within the weight constraints of Astro-E has presented quite a challenge in the design of the cryogenic system. The design of the superfluid helium insert is described, with emphasis on innovative approaches taken to meet the requirements.
KeywordsStainless Steel Wire Superfluid Helium Cryogenic System Goddard Space Flight Center Suspended Mass
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