Questions Addressed with Multidiscipline Simulation Models
Often, landscape management decisions are associated with competing multiple objectives. Managers do not have the luxury of focusing on a single objective; the best science from a particular academic tradition cannot therefore be tapped for an optimal solution. Consider a situation where flooding concerns must be balanced against ecological goals. Hydrologic models might result in the recommendation that a small dam will help decrease downstream floods, increase irrigation (and therefore economic) opportunities, and provide desired recreational opportunities. Environmental models might indicate that instead of putting a small dam on the stream, a remeandering of the stream and demolition of buildings in the natural floodplain will reap ecological and other economic benefits. It is possible that recommendations from each model will be different if they are linked to more completely represent the full watershed system in a single model. This chapter, like the previous one, poses a small set of example issues intended to resonate with watershed managers. Again, this set is not exhaustive or meant to cover all of the important ground. The reader is encouraged to reflect on the role that simulation modeling might play in their current watershed management challenges.
KeywordsGeographic Information System Watershed Management Military Installation Urban Growth Pattern Overland Water Flow
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