b. 18 September 1752 d. 9 January 1833
In 1805, Legendre published the first description of the method of least squares as an algebraic fitting procedure. It was subsequently justified on statistical grounds by Gauss and Laplace.
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- Legendre, A.M. (1805). Nouvelles Méthodes pour la Détermination des Orbites des Comètes. Courcier, Paris. Pages 72–75 of the appendix reprinted in Stigler (1986, p. 56). English translation of these pages by H.A. Ruger and H.M. Walker in D.E. Smith, A Source Book of Mathematics. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1929, pp. 576–579.Google Scholar
- Legendre, A.M. (1820). Note par M.*** Second supplement to the third edition of Legendre (1805), pp. 79–80 in a separate pagination. English translation by Stigler (1977).Google Scholar
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