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Thermodynamics and Dynamics in the Vertical

  • Walter A. Robinson
Part of the Modeling Dynamic Systems book series (MDS)

Abstract

Much can be learned about the local weather—the height at which clouds will form, the likelihood of thunderstorms or of an air-pollution episode— by analyzing the thermodynamics and dynamics of parcels of air moving up and down through the atmosphere. Such parcels move through an atmospheric environment in which the vertical forces, the weight of the air and the upward decrease in pressure, are in balance. This is termed hydrostatic balance. The first model in this chapter uses this balance to find the pressure and density of the atmosphere given the pressure at the ground and a vertical temperature profile. This model then becomes a component of the subsequent models, which include first the thermodynamics, dry and moist, and then the dynamics, of air moving vertically.

Keywords

Saturation Vapor Pressure Convective Available Potential Energy Vertical Temperature Profile Lift Condensation Level Hydrostatic Balance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter A. Robinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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