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Human Conversion of Terrestrial Habitats

  • Peter August
  • Louis Iverson
  • Jarunee Nugranad

Abstract

In this chapter, we describe how human activities change the abundance and quality of terrestrial habitats and discuss the ecological implications of these changes for biota. We begin by identifying fundamental principles associated with human conversion of terrestrial habitats and how fauna and flora respond to habitat conversion. We present a number of examples of how landscape ecologists and conservation biologists use these basic principles of land-cover change to develop management strategies to minimize ecological impacts from habitat loss. Next, we discuss principles for applying landscape ecology. We identify major voids in ecological theory and existing data that need to be filled for land managers to be better prepared to apply the principles of landscape ecology to biological conservation. Finally, we suggest research approaches that may be used to fill knowledge gaps. Although social and economic considerations are fundamental to landcover change dynamics (Riebsame et al. 1994), detailed discussion of these factors is beyond the scope of this book; therefore, we focus our remarks on the ecological aspects of human conversion of terrestrial habitats.

Keywords

Geographic Information System Landscape Ecology Landscape Pattern Terrestrial Habitat Matrix Habitat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter August
  • Louis Iverson
  • Jarunee Nugranad

There are no affiliations available

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