Paradigms and Challenges in Shock Wave Research

  • James R. Asay
  • Lalit C. Chhabildas
Part of the Shock Wave and High Pressure Phenomena book series (SHOCKWAVE)


Shock compression science is a relatively new discipline that enables studies of materials in thermodynamic regimes inaccessible by other methods. The underlying motivation for these studies is to promote a physical understanding of dynamic material response. A fundamental understanding of material compression allows development of material models used to predict the response of materials subjected to dynamic loading. The past fifty years have produced a challenging research environment, resulting in the discovery and implementation of a broad spectrum of experimental, theoretical, and computational methods for this purpose. As a result, a large variety of phenomenological models have been developed for use in numerical simulations of material response under complex loading conditions. Even after a half-century of intensive research, however, there are still a large number of shock processes that cannot be resolved a priori with our existing level of understanding. A few examples include the prediction of shock transition times, compressive or tensile strengths under shock loading, and the kinetics of shock-induced phase transitions. This has led us to examine the issue of “what is a shock?” in tllis chapter by looking at the fundamental assumptions. These include assumptions of uniaxial displacement for applied planar loading, steady shock wave propagation, homogeneous shocked states, and thermodynamic equilibrium in tile shocked state. We examine the traditional approaches used for describing shock processes in solids, including the apparent anomalous observations resulting from these interpretations. Both experimental and computational results are used to show that shocks produce highly heterogeneous states of compression, which strongly influence observable material properties in the shocked state. Understanding these effects will require improved experimental diagnostics to probe deformation mechanisms in situ and in real time. We conclude by discussing what kinds of measurements will be needed to resolve these issues.


Shock Wave Shock Front Shock Compression Shock Propagation Shock Loading 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  • James R. Asay
  • Lalit C. Chhabildas

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