Concluding Remarks: Science and Society
The triumphs of science in the twentieth century are unmatched by those of any period in history. The insights achieved into the structure of the universe, into matter, and into many mysteries of the living organism resulted in a revolution of technology that changed the life of humanity everywhere. The recognition of Francis Bacon that knowledge is power has never before been demonstrated in such a spectacular way. Nobody could have possibly foreseen at the beginning of this century the extent of the changes that would be made in such a short period of time. Jets cross the oceans in hours; at the beginning of the century it took weeks with the fastest steamboats. Via satellites we can see on television in our living rooms the reception of Nixon in Peking or that of Sadat in the Knesset in Jerusalem; we can hear and see opera performances at La Scala or at the Royal Opera House in London. Men walk on the moon, and instruments show us on television the surface of Mars at a distance of hundreds of millions of miles. Much hard and dangerous labor has been replaced by machines. The progress continues at a rapid rate in many directions. Most people are aware of the many changes made in medicine. Widespread epidemics such as plague, cholera, typhoid, and yellow fever have been virtually eliminated. Surgery and the treatment of many internal diseases have undergone profound changes. Agriculture has increased its crops many hundredfold by the use of fertilizers, pesticides, machines, and genetic engineering.
KeywordsYellow Fever Atom Bomb Conclude Remark Population Explosion Ivory Tower
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