A nuclear reaction is a process that occurs when a nuclear particle (nucleon or nucleus) gets into close contact with another. Most of the known nuclear reactions are produced by exposing different materials to a beam of accelerated nuclear particles. Usually a strong energy and momentum exchange takes place and the final products of the reaction are one, two, or more nuclear particles leaving the point of close contact in various directions. The products are mostly of a species different from the particles in the original pair. The present chapter contains a wave-mechanical description of nuclear reactions and a general analysis of the phenomena that are expected to occur.
KeywordsAngular Momentum Nuclear Reaction Elastic Scattering Orbital Angular Momentum Target Nucleus
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