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Acute Respiratory Failure in the Critically Ill: “Shock Lung”

  • Richard W. Carlson
  • Richard C. Schaeffer
  • Uri Freund
  • William French

Abstract

Pulmonary failure has emerged as the single most lethal complication in the practice of critical care medicine. “Shock lung” or “adult respiratory distress syndrome” (ARDS) represents a clinical constellation often referred to as “shock lung.” The purpose of this chapter is to review some of the current concepts of the pathophysiology and principles of management of acute respiratory failure (ARF) following shock or complicating a critical medical or surgical illness. Our own studies have been with special emphasis on fluid accumulation in the lung.

Keywords

Pulmonary Edema Acute Respiratory Failure Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Colloid Osmotic Pressure Airway Closure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Reference

  1. 1.
    Moore, F. D., Lyons, J. H., Pierce, E. C., Jr., Morgan, A. P., Jr., Drinker, P. A., MacArthur, J. D., and Dammin, G. J. (1969). Post Traumatic Pulmonary Insuffiency. Philadelphia: Saunders.Google Scholar

Selected Readings

  1. Pontoppidan, H., Geffin, D., and Lowenstein, E. (1972). Acute respiratory failure in the adult. New Engl. J. Med. 287:690,743,799.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Robin, E. D., Cross, C. E., and Zelis, R. (1973). Pulmonary edema. New Engl. J. Med. 288:239,292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Staub, N. C. (1974). Pulmonary edema. Physiol. Rev. 54:678.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard W. Carlson
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Richard C. Schaeffer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Uri Freund
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • William French
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Shock Research Unit and the Department of MedicineUniversity of Southern California, School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Los Angeles County/USC Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Center for the Critically IllHollywood Presbyterian Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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