Pathology of the Umbilical Cord and Major Fetal Vessels. Vestiges of Embryonic Structures

  • Kurt Benirschke
  • Shirley G. Driscoll


In grouping the pathologic changes of the major fetal vessels together with the pathology of the umbilical cord it is recognized that their development and structure is intimately related. Moreover, an abnormal condition in one, e. g. excessively long cord, is often associated with pathologic events in the other e. g. thrombosis of vessels, and these events are frequently causally related.


Umbilical Cord Umbilical Artery Mucoid Degeneration Umbilical Vessel Single Umbilical Artery 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Benirschke
    • 1
  • Shirley G. Driscoll
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaUSA
  2. 2.Boston Lying - In HospitalBostonUSA
  3. 3.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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