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Rediscovery of External Heart Compression in Dr. William Kouwenhoven’s Laboratory

  • James R. Jude
Conference paper

Abstract

This story begins in the Old Hunterian Research Laboratory at Johns Hopkins Hospital and Medical School. A young intern enters through the ancient doors and is greeted by “cracking” sounds. These sounds emanate from the laboratory of Dr. William Kouwenhoven who was studying the effects of electrical current on the body and specifically studying capacitor discharges. The meeting with Dr. Kouwenhoven was brief. He was cordial in explaining his setup and research plan, eager to encourage and stimulate a young intern. Dr. Kouwenhoven was Dean of the School of Engineering at Johns Hopkins University and worked only part-time in this laboratory under the auspices of Dr. Alfred Blalock, Director of the Department of Surgery. Soon he was to retire and devote his full time to this work which he had begun a quarter of a century earlier with D. R. Hooker and O. R. Langworthy. This was the summer of 1953.

Keywords

Ventricular Fibrillation Johns Hopkins Hospital Closed Chest External Cardiac Massage Lower Sternum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Hooker DR, Kouwenhoven WB, Langworthy OR: The effect of alternating electric currents in the heart. Am J Physiol 103: 444, 1933Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beck CS, Pritchard WH, Feil SH: Ventricular fibrillation of long duration abolished by electric shock. JAMA 135: 985, 1947Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kouwenhoven WB, Milnor WR, Knickerbocker GG, et al: Closed chest defibrillation of the heart. Surgery 42: 550, 1957PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kouwenhoven WB, Jude JR, Knickerbocker GG: Closed chest cardiac massage. JAMA 173: 1064, 1960PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Boehm R: V. Arbeiten aus dem pharmakologischen Institut der Universität Dorpat. 14. Ueber Wiederbelebung nach Vergiftungen and Asphyxie. Arch Exp Pathol Pharmakol 8: 68, 1878Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • James R. Jude

There are no affiliations available

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