Ecological Parameters and Speciation in Field Crickets

  • R. G. Harrison
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

The study of animal speciation has traditionally focused on spatial relationships among diverging populations. The widely accepted model of allopatric speciation (Mayr, 1963a; Dobzhansky, 1970) suggests that new species arise in geographically isolated populations through the gradual accumulation of genetic differences. Mayr (1963a) contends that geographic speciation is “the almost exclusive mode of speciation among animals” (p. 481). However, detailed ecological, behavioral, and cytogenetic studies of a variety of insect taxa provide evidence that other modes of speciation commonly occur (see White, 1974; Bush, 1975a for reviews). The evolution of reproductive isolation may often proceed rapidly and involve changes at relatively few genetic loci. Intrinsic, as well as extrinsic, barriers to gene flow are potentially important in the speciation process.

Keywords

Corn Cage Electrophoresis Assure Beach 

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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1978

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  • R. G. Harrison

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