• Gerald A. Pollock
  • Wendell W. Kilgore
Part of the Residues of Pesticides and Other Contaminants in the Total Environment book series (RECT, volume 69)


“Hercules 3956,” or toxaphene, was introduced in the mid 1940s as a new insecticide and by 1948 it was being used commercially for the control of a variety of insect pests (West and Campbell 1952). Chemically, toxaphene is a complex mixture of chlorinated camphene derivatives containing 67 to 69% chlorine. Recent research had disclosed that this complex substance contains at least 177 separate components (Casidaet al. 1974, Holmsteadet al. 1974).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald A. Pollock
    • 1
  • Wendell W. Kilgore
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Medicine/Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology, and PhysiologyUniversity of IdahoMoscowUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ToxicologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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