Cancer Markers pp 403-443 | Cite as

Lectin Interactions with Normal and Tumor Cells and the Affinity Purification of Tumor Cell Glycoproteins

  • Garth L. Nicolson
Part of the Contemporary Biomedicine book series (CB, volume 1)

Abstract

Lectins, saccharide-binding proteins and glycoproteins which bind mono-or oligosaccharides specifically through their complementary sugar-binding sites, have been isolated from a wide variety of plants and animals (reviewed in Lis and Sharon, 1973; Nicolson, 1974a; Sharon and Lis, 1975; Roth, 1978; Goldstein and Hayes, 1978). Lectin interactions with carbohydrate-containing molecules on cells resemble antibody-antigen reactions, since most lectins contain at least two saccharide-binding sites per molecule. Because of the carbohydrate-binding specificities of lectins, some of these agglutinins have proven to be quite useful for clinical blood-typing and structural studies of blood-group substances, analysis of cell-surface structure of normal and tumor cells, specific isolation of glycoproteins and oligo- and mucopolysaccharides, studies on mitogenesis, and the localization of specific carbohydrate sequences at the microscopic and ultrastructural level.

Keywords

Urea Lymphoma Fractionation Oligomer Anhydride 

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Copyright information

© The HUMANA Press Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Garth L. Nicolson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Developmental and Cell BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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