Pesticide effects on nontarget organisms have been a source of worldwide contention and concern for more than a decade and are the basis for most legislation aimed at controlling or prohibiting the use of specific pesticides. For example, the present list of pesticides to undergo Rebuttal Presumption Against Registration (RPAR) numbers 45. All of these are being reviewed because of their effects on nontarget organisms, most with reference to man. Only 13 were triggered by criteria relating to reduction in nontargets and endangered species (birds and feral mammals) while the rest hinged on laboratory animal effects listed as oncogenicity, fetotoxicity, mutagenicity, teratogenicity, and reproductive effects. Thus, most pesticides undergoing RPAR have untoward effects on laboratory animals that are translated as potential effects on man, the ultimate nontarget.
- Methyl Parathion
- Nontarget Organism
- Heptachlor Epoxide
- Boll Weevil
- Cotton Aphid
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Journal Series #2982. Presented in part at the April 1979 US-ROC Cooperative Science Program seminar on “Environmental Problems Associated with Pesticide Usage in the Intensive Agricultural System,” Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, as sponsored by the National Science Foundation (U.S.A.) and the National Science Council (R.O.C.).
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Ware, G.W. (1980). Effects of pesticides on nontarget organisms. In: Gunther, F.A., Gunther, J.D. (eds) Residue Reviews. Residue Reviews, vol 76. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-6107-0_9
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