Minimizing occupational exposure to pesticides: Repellency and penetrability of treated textiles to pesticide sprays

  • V. H. Freed
  • L. J. Peters
  • F. Parveen
  • J. E. Davies
Part of the Residue Reviews book series (RECT, volume 75)

Abstract

It is known that pesticide intoxication in agricultural workers is probably the result of excessive dermal exposure to pesticides. Poisonings can occur in applicators from spillage and in field workers due to contamination of clothing by drift and residue (Southwick et al. 1975). Absorption through the skin is perhaps the most important mode of entry of the pesticide into the body during spray applications. Wolfe (1973) found that over 97% of the pesticide to which the body is subjected during possible exposure situations is deposited on the skin.

Keywords

Cellulose Dust Hexane Rubber Penta 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Durham, W. R., and H. R. Wolfe: Measurement of workers to pesticides. Bull. WHO 26, 75 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Kawar, N. W., F. A. Gunther, W. R. Serat, and Y. Iwata: Penetration of soil dust through woven and nonwoven fabrics. J. Environ. Sci. Health B13, 401 (1978).Google Scholar
  3. Potter, J. A.: The determination of dinoseb in potatoes. Analyst 88, 651 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Serat, W. F.: Personal communication (1979).Google Scholar
  5. Southwick, J. W., H. D. Mecham, M. P. Cannon, and M. J. Gortatowski: Pesticide residues in laundered clothing. Proceedings of 3rd Conference of Environmental Chemicals, Human and Animal Health. Colo. State Univ., Fort Collins, Colo. (1974).Google Scholar
  6. Wicker, G. W., W. A. Williams, J. R. Bradley, and F. E. Guthrie: Exposure of field workers to organophosphorus insecticides; Cotton. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 8, 433 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wolfe, H. R.: Workers should be protected from pesticide exposure. Weeds, Trees, and Turf 12,4 (1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. H. Freed
    • 1
  • L. J. Peters
    • 1
  • F. Parveen
    • 1
  • J. E. Davies
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural ChemistryOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of Miami Medical SchoolMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations