Energy and Energy Budgets

  • David M. Gates
Part of the Springer Advanced Texts in Life Sciences book series (SATLIFE)


Organisms are comprised of cells, which are highly organized groupings of complex molecules. To maintain the degree of organization making up life, energy of the right magnitude is necessary. One learns from thermodynamics that the natural trend of the universe is to go toward increased entropy, i.e., from a degree of order toward more disorder. Life on earth runs contrary to this general inexorable trend, but it does so at the expense of the sun.


Permeability Entropy Dioxide Convection Total Heat 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • David M. Gates
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological StationUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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