Atherosclerotic stenosis or occlusion of the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries is the most common cause of the unique syndrome of chronic visceral ischemia. The characteristic pattern of postprandial epigastric pain, reluctance to eat, and resultant and usually profound weight loss is not duplicated by any other disease. Atherosclerosis in this location is encountered more frequently in females than males and often in the midadult years. Because this sex-age combination is an unusual one in patients with atherosclerosis at other sites, the diagnosis of visceral atherosclerosis is often overlooked in the initial evaluation.
KeywordsRenal Artery Superior Mesenteric Artery Celiac Artery Orifice Lesion Visceral Artery
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