Composting Process

  • Raul R. CardenasJr.
  • Lawrence K. Wang
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 2)


Composting consists of the biological decomposition of solid or semisolid materials by microorganisms over a prolonged period of time resulting in the degradation of the organic content of the material and a reduction in volume. During the process the temperature rises and the material is changed in character from one that has an identity such as manures, sludges, leaves, grass, or newspaper, etc., to a stable end product, compost, that resembles a granulated dark brown humus or a soil-like material. Modern composting is an aerobic biological process subject to the constraints of all biological activities.


Solid Waste Sewage Sludge Municipal Solid Waste Compost Process Detention Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The HUMANA Press Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul R. CardenasJr.
    • 1
  • Lawrence K. Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringPolytechnic Institute of New YorkBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringStevens Institute of TechnologyHobokenUSA

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