Hindu-Buddhist Time in Javanese Gamelan Music
We have all heard it said that “music is a universal language.” What is meant by this statement is not that any music is universal, but that western classical music is universal. The distress and awkwardness of a music-loving, educated Indian at a symphony concert is matched only by the discomfort of an intelligent American at a Chinese opera performance. Musical events are profoundly culture-bound. Given enough time, one can come to appreciate the arts of an alien culture (partly by superimposing one’s own set of values and aesthetics upon the listening act), but one cannot be taught to hear music as someone from another cultures hears it. Too much cultural background, too many unstated, often unstateable presuppositions are embedded within the situation of music making and music hearing. Listening to a musical events from another culture is the same kind of act as reading a poem from another culture. One may comprehend all the words (notes) and yet somehow miss the meaning. Because cross-cultural understanding is ultimately impossible does not mean that one should not try. This paper is such an attempt, an effort to briefly sketch out a few of the many underlying assumptions which provide the cognitive context, the source of richness of meaning for a performance of Javanese gamelian music.
KeywordsPhenomenal World Musical Structure Musical Event Tempo Change Music Hearing
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