Abstract

The kidney, because of its anatomic location in the flanks, can be imaged through more ultrasonic windows than any other abdominal organ. As a result, one has a greater chance of obtaining good images of this organ than of more central intra- or retroperitoneal organs which possess fewer ultrasonic windows and can more readily be obscured by overlying gas-filled bowel.

Keywords

Hydration Lymphoma Attenuation Cage Respiration 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Cook JH, Rosenfield AT, Taylor KJW (1977) Ultrasonic demonstration of intra-renal anatomy. Am J Roentgenol 129: 831–835Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rosenfield AT, Taylor KJW, Crade M, DeGraaf CS (1978) Anatomy and pathology of the kidney by gray scale ultrasound. Radiology 128: 737–744PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Green WM, King DL, Casarella WJ (1976) A reappraisal of sonolucent renal masses. Radiology 121: 163–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pollack HM, Banner MC, Arger PH, Goldberg BB, Mulhern CB (1979) Comparison of computed tomography and ultrasound in the diagnosis of renal masses. In: Rosenfield AT (ed) Genitourinary radiology. Churchill Livingstone, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rosenfield AT, Lipson MH, Wolf B, Taylor KJW, Rosenfield NS, Hendler E (1980) Ultrasonography and nephrotomography in the presymptomatic diagnosis of dominantly inherited (adult-onset) polycystic kidney disease. Radiology 135: 423–427PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Maklad NF, Chuang VP, Doust BD, Cho KJ, Curran JE (1977) Ultrasonic characterization of solid renal lesions: echographic, angiographic and pathologic correlation. Radiology 123: 733–739PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lee TG, Henderson SC, Freeny PC, Raskin MM, Benson EP, Pearse HD (1978) Ultrasound findings of renal angiomyolipoma. J Clin Ultrasound 6: 150–155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goldstein HM, Green B, Weaver RM (1978) Ultrasonic detection of renal tumor extension into the inferior vena cava. Am J Roentgenol 130: 1083–1085Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wicks JD, Silver TM, Bree RL (1978) Gray scale features of hematomas: an ultrasonic spectrum. Am J Roentgenol 131: 977–980Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kay CJ, Rosenfield AT, Armm M (1980) Gray-scale ultrasonography in the evaluation of renal trauma. Radiology 134: 461–466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cunningham JJ (1976) In vitro gray scale echography of protein-lipid fluid collections in liver tissue. J Clin Ultrasound 4: 255–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cunningham JJ, Wooten W, Cunningham MA (1976) Gray scale echography of soluble protein and protein aggregate fluid collections (in vitro study). J Clin Ultrasound 4: 417–419PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ellenbogen PH, Scheible FW, Talner LB, Leopold GR (1978) Sensitivity of gray scale ultrasound in detecting urinary tract obstruction. Am J Roentgenol 130: 731–733Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Morin ME, Baker DA (1979) The influence of hydration and bladder distention on the sonographic diagnosis of hydronephrosis. J Clin Ultrasound 7: 192–194PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Edell S, Zegel H (1978) Ultrasonic evaluation of renal calculi. Am J Roentgenol 130: 261–263Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pollack HM, Arger PH, Goldberg BB, Mulholland SG (1978) Ultrasonic detection of nonopaque renal calculi. Radiology 127: 233–237PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Arger PH, Mulhern CB, Pollack HM, Banner MP, Wein AJ (1979) Ultrasonic assessment of renal transitional cell carcinoma: preliminary report. Am J Roentgenol 132: 407–411Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Johnson MJ, Dunne MG, Watts B, Staples D (1978) Ultrasonography in renal transplantation. In: Rosenfield AT (ed) Genitourinary radiology. Churchill Livingstone, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kaude JV, Lacy GD (1978) Ultrasonography in renal lymphoma. J Clin Ultrasound 6: 295–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kay CJ, Rosenfield AT, Taylor KJW, Rosenberg MA (1979) Ultrasonic characteristics of chronic atrophic pyelonephritis. Am J Roentgenol 132: 47–49Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Leon Skolnick
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Pittsburgh School of MedicineUSA
  2. 2.Presbyterian-University HospitalPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations