Current Concepts in Neonatal Bacterial Colonization
Bacterial infections are a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, the impact of anitmicrobial therapy on the natural historyo of bacterial infections in the newborn has been lee dramatic than the effect of these agents on the natural history of bacterial infections in the older child and adult. There is a long tradition of perinatal preventive measures designed to decrease the frequency of such infections. Since most of the bacterial pathogens reponsible for neonatal infecttions are part of the normal flora that routinely colonize the newborn, many of the recently developed preventive measures involve the controlled manipulation of bacterial colonozation. What follows is a discussion of current concpets of neonatal bacterial colonozation and some of the preventive measures recently introduced into nurseries.
KeywordsNewborn Infant Anterior Nare Mucus Membrane Antiseptic Agent Streptococcal Disease
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