Biologic Activity of Static and Low-frequency Fields

  • Herbert L. König
  • Albert P. Krueger
  • Siegnot Lang
  • Walter Sönning
Conference paper
Part of the Topics in Environmental Physiology and Medicine book series (TEPHY)


Researchers have long been performing experiments, studies and calculations in an effort to learn more about the biologic activity of electromagnetic fields. If we consider the entire frequency spectrum from static fields to fields of extremely high frequencies, we begin to appreciate the technical difficulties involved in the treatment of such questions. Moreover, biologic systems are highly complex and, in many respects, difficult to analyze, for the researcher must deal not with processes which can be reproducibly measured and observed, but with variable modes of behavior and relatively slight alterations in the processes of interest. This necessitates a statistical treatment of the subject.


Magnetic Field Field Intensity Static Magnetic Field Electrostatic Field Field Exposure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert L. König
    • 1
  • Albert P. Krueger
    • 2
  • Siegnot Lang
  • Walter Sönning
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for the Foundation of ElectrotechnicsMunich Technical UniversityMunichWest Germany
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.MunichWest Germany

Personalised recommendations