Advertisement

Selective Abortion

Range of Choices and Time Frames
  • Colleen D. Clements
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary Issues in Biomedicine, Ethics, and Society book series (CIBES)

Abstract

We have finally come round to the ethical issue of abortion, and because the ethical context by which we can make some sense of the literature has now been developed, we are in a much better position to examine this hard question. There are two principal issues to get clear about when discussing abortion:
  1. (1)

    There must be a clear analysis of killing, specifically homicide, its connection with human worth, and the question of special status for human beings in relation to the rest of the biosphere.

     
  2. (2)

    There must be a clear analysis of the different levels of interest and complexity involved in the abortion issue. These levels generate, not new ontological entities (e.g., forests) different from those on the lowest level (e.g., trees), but more complex aspects of combined entities, with emergent characteristics to be pragmatically handled “as if” we were dealing with new entities. The entities are functionally new and functionally significantly differ from those on the reductive level.

     

Keywords

Spina Bifida Imperforate Anus Selective Abortion Hierarchy Theory Followup Support 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 60.
    See, for example, John T. Noonan, “How to Argue About Abortion,” Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, pp. 210–17; The Morality of Abortion, Harvard Un. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1970Google Scholar
  2. Sissela Bok, “Ethical Problems of Abortion,” Hastings Center Studies. 2, No. 1, Jan., 1974Google Scholar
  3. Gordon C. Zahn, “A Religious Pacifist Looks at Abortion,” Commonweal, May 28, 1971, pp. 279–282.Google Scholar
  4. 61.
    H. F. Harlow and M. K. Harlow, “Social Deprivation in Monkeys,” Scientific American 207, 136 (1962)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. S. J. Suomi, H. F. Harlow, and W. T. McKinney, Jr., “Monkey Psychiatrists,” American Journal of Psychiatry 128 (No. 8), 927 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 62.
    Philippa Foot, “The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect,” Moral Problems, James Rachels, ed., Harper & Row, New York, 1971, pp. 29–41.Google Scholar
  7. 63.
    See for example, Jane English, “Abortion and the Concept of a Person,” Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, pp. 241–243; Mary Anne Warren, “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion,” TheMonist 57 (No. 1), January 1973Google Scholar
  8. Sissela Bok, Op. Cit.; Bernard Haring, “Theological Evaluation,” The Morality of Abortion, John T. Noonan, Jr., ed. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1970, pp. 123–145.Google Scholar
  9. 64.
    H. Soodak and A. Iberall, “Homeokinetics: a Physical Science for Complex Systems,” Science 201, 579 (1978)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. William Wimsatt, “Reductive Explanation: A Functional Account,” Basic Studies in Philosophy of Science, Vol. 30, Reidel: Dordrecht, 1976, pp. 647–86Google Scholar
  11. Howard Pattee, Hierarchy Theory: The Challenge of Complex Systems, Braziller, New York, 1973.Google Scholar
  12. 65.
    Nicholas Rescher, “The Allocation of Exotic Medical Lifesaving Therapy,” Ethics 79 (No. 3), 173 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 66.
    Samuel Noah Kramer, Mythologies of the Ancient World, Doubleday, Garden City, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
  14. 67.
    Donella H. Meadows, Dennis L. Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and William W. Behrens III, The Limits to Growth, New American Library, New York, 1972.Google Scholar
  15. 68.
    New York State Chromosome Registry Meeting Minutes, May 9, 1979, Albany, New York.Google Scholar
  16. 69.
    Judith Jarvis Thomson, “A Defense of Abortion,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 1 (No. 1), 47 (1971).Google Scholar
  17. 70.
    Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, Penguin Books, Baltimore, 1956; and especially Leo Strauss, The Political Philosophy of Hobbes: Its Basis and Its Genesis, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1952.Google Scholar
  18. 71.
    Julio Aray “Unconscious Factors in Induced Abortion,” The World Biennial of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Vol. II, Silvano Arieti, ed., Basic Books, New York, 1973, pp. 412–428.Google Scholar
  19. 72.
    Natalie Shainess, “Women’s Liberation—and Liberated Women,” The World Biennial of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Silvano Arieti, ed., pp. 86–111.Google Scholar
  20. 73.
    Edward Guiney, “A Question of Priorities” Journal of the Irish Medical Association 66 (No. 15), 401 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. J. Lorber, “Results of Treatment of Myelomeningocele” Dev. Med. Child. Neurol. 13, 279 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 74.
    John L. Phillips, Jr., The Origins of Intellect: Piaget’s Theory, Freeman San Francisco, 1975Google Scholar
  23. Jean Piaget, Insights and Illusions of Philosophy; Guy Woodruff, David Premack, and Keith Kennel, “Conservation of Liquid and Solid Quantity by the Chimpanzee” Science 202, 991 (1978).Google Scholar
  24. 75.
    Vitus b. Droscher, The Friendly Beast, Harper & Row, New York, 1970.Google Scholar
  25. 76.
    Eugene Linden, Apes, Men, and Language, Dutton, New York, 1970.Google Scholar
  26. 77.
    Nikola Schipkowensky, “Epidemiological Aspects of Homicide,” The World Biennial of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Silvano Arieti, ed., pp. 192–215.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The HUMANA Press Inc. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colleen D. Clements
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA

Personalised recommendations