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Fate of polynuclear aromatic compounds (PNAs) in soil-plant systems

  • R. C. Sims
  • M. R. Overcash
Part of the Residue Reviews book series (RECT, volume 88)

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) consist of three or more fused benzene rings in linear, angular, or cluster arrangements. Substitution of carbon in the benzene ring with nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, or other elements creates heterocyclic aromatic compounds (Blumer 1976). Excluding diphenyl types there are some 70 possible isomers of 4-6 fused rings. Additionally these isomers may be substituted by a variety of substituents (Erskine and Whitehead 1975). The aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocycles, unsubstituted and substituted, are referred to alternatively as polynuclear aromatics (PNAs), polycyclic aromatic compounds (PCAs), and polycyclic organic matter (POM) (NAS 1972, U.S. EPA 1975 b).

Keywords

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Protocatechuic Acid Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. Sims
    • 1
  • M. R. Overcash
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUtah State University, and Utah Water Research LaboratoryLoganUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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