Innovative Ocean Energy Systems: Prospects and Problems
The ocean can serve as a source for minerals and scarce chemicals needed by developing industrial societies. Under its floor lie vast deposits of coal, natural gas, and oil; on its floor rest metals in great abundance. Its deep water layers are so rich in nutrients that some believe they can supply all of mankind’s needs for protein. Today, as energy and mineral resources become increasingly scarce, the ocean offers new possibilities to meet the needs of a civilized world. Universally available, ocean resources can satisfy the energy needs of industrial nations for centuries to come. Technology to harvest ocean energy exists. The impact of ocean energy can be significant if the economic viability and environmental acceptability of innovative ocean systems can be ascertained.
KeywordsExtraction Efficiency Salinity Gradient Ocean Current Gulf Stream Rankine Cycle
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