Properties of Cross and Self Reinnervating Motor Axons in the Cat

  • R. A. Westerman
  • D. I. Finkelstein
  • D. Sriratana
Part of the Experimental and Clinical Neuroscience book series (ECN)

Abstract

Impulse conduction in normal and pathologically altered myelinated nerves has been extensively reviewed by many workers (Paintal, 1978; Sunderland, 1978; Waxman, 1978; 1980). Conduction velocity of nerve impulses is of particular clinical importance in demyelinating disorders (Rogart & Ritchie, 1977; Rasminsky & Sears, 1973). Notwithstanding these data, many aspects of nerve conduction velocity, particularly the underlying mechanisms that determine it, are incompletely understood (Paintal, 1978; Waxman, 1980).

Keywords

Permeability Glycerine Neurol Halothane Toluidine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aitken, J.T., Sharman, M. and Young, J. Z., J. Anat. 81, 1–22.Google Scholar
  2. Bagust, J., Lewis, D.M. & Westerman, R.A. (1981). J. Physiol. 313, 223–235.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Boyd, I.A. and Davey, M.R. (1968). “Composition of Peripheral Nerves.” Edinburgh, Livingstone.Google Scholar
  4. Buller, A.J., Eccles, J.C. and Eccles, R.M. (1960). J. Physiol. 150, 399–439.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Close, R.F. (1972). Physiol. Rev. 52, 129–197.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Cragg, B.C. and Thomas, P.K. (1961). J. Physiol. 157, 315–327.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Czeh, G., Gallego, R., Kudo, N. and Kuno, M. (1978). J. Physiol. 281, 239–252.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Finkelsteln, D.I. (1982). Unpublished M.Sc. Qualifying Thesis. Monash University, Department of Physiology.Google Scholar
  9. Finkelsteln, D.I., Sriratana, D. and Westerman, R.A. (1983) Proc. Aust. Physiol. Pharmacol. Soc. 14, 30P.Google Scholar
  10. Grafstein, B. (1975). Exp. Neurol. 48, 32–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gregory, J.E., Luff. A.R. & Proske, U. (1982). J. Physiol. 331, 367–383.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Jeffrey, P.L., Leung, W.N. and Rostas, J.A.P. (1981). In: “New approaches to nerve and muscle disorders. Basic and applied contributions”. Edited by A.D. Kidman, J.K. Torakins and R. A. Westerman. Excerpta Medlca, Amsterdam, p. 66–79.Google Scholar
  13. Koles, Z.J. & Rasminsky, M. (1972). J. Physiol. 227, 351–364.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Kuno, M., Miyata, Y. & Munoz-Martinez, E.J. (1974) J.Physiol. 242, 273–288.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Lascelles, R.G. and Thomas, P.D. (1966). J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry, 29, 40–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lewis, D.M., Bagust, J., Webb, S., Westerman, R.A. & Find, H. (1977). Nature, 270, 743–746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Neumcke, B. (1983) In: “Membrane permeability: experiments and models”. Edited, by A.H. Bretag, Adelaide, Techsearch Inc.Google Scholar
  18. Nurcorabe, V. & Bennett, M.R. (1982) Neuroscience Letters Suppl. 8, SI 2.Google Scholar
  19. Paintal, A.S. (1978). In: “Physiology and pathobiology of axons”. Edited by S.G. Waxraan. Raven Press, New York. p. 131–144.Google Scholar
  20. Rasminsky, M. & Sears, T.A. (1973). In: “New developments in Electromyography and clinical Neurophysiology”, Edited by J.E Desmedt. Vol. 2, 158–165.Google Scholar
  21. Ring, G., Shugerman, H. and Rotshenker, S. (1983) Neuroscience Letters 35, 18–24.Google Scholar
  22. Ritchie, J.M. & Rogard, R. (1977). Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 74, 211–215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rogart, R. & Ritchie, J.M. (1977). In: “Demyelinated nerve fibres”. Edited by P. Morel 1. Plenum, New York. p. 3 53–383.Google Scholar
  24. Rogart, R. (1981). Ann. Rev. Physiol. 43, 711–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Russell, N.J.W. (1980). J. Physiol. 298, 347–360.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Rydmark, M. (1982). An ultrastructural morphometric analysis of the node of Ranvier in peripheral myelinated nerve fibres in the adult cat. Ph.D. Thesis, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  27. Sanders, F.K. & Whitterldge, D. (1946). J. Physiol. Karger, Basel, 105, 152–174.Google Scholar
  28. Smith, K.J., Blakeraore, W.F., Murray, J.A. & Patterson, R.C. (1982). J. Neurol. Sci. 55, 231–246.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Smith, R.S. & Koles, Z.J. (1970). Am. J. Physiol. 214, 1256–1258.Google Scholar
  30. Sunderland, S. (1978) “Nerves and Nerve Injuries”. 2nd Edition. Churchill-Livingstone, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  31. Tal. M. & Rotshenker, S. (1983) Neuroscience Letters 35, 25–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Thoenen, H. and Rarde, Y. A. (1980) Physiol. Rev. 60, 1284–1335.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Varon, S. (1975) Exp. Neurol. 48, 75–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Watson, W.E. (1970). J. Physiol. 210, 321–343.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Watson, W.E. (1974). Brit. Med. Bull., 30, 112–115.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Waxman, S.G. (1978). In: “Physiology and pathoblology of axons”. Edited by S.G. Waxman. Raven Press, New York, p. 169–190.Google Scholar
  37. Waxman, S.G. (1980). Muscle and Nerve, 3, 141–150.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Westerman, R.A., Finkelstein, D.I. & Sriratana, D. (1983). In: “Molecular aspects of Neurological Disorders”. Edited by L. Austin b P.L. Jeffrey. Academic Press, Sydney, p. 95–102.Google Scholar
  39. Ziegenbeln, R.W., Westerman, R.A., Silberstein, R., Kranz, H., Cassell, J., Finkelstein, D.I. & Bettess, D. In: “Molecular pathology of nerve and muscle” Edited by A.K. Kidman & J. Tonkins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Westerman
    • 1
  • D. I. Finkelstein
    • 1
  • D. Sriratana
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia

Personalised recommendations